Techno Press
Tp_Editing System.E (TES.E)
Login Search

    Prof. Chang-Koon Choi (Managing Ed.)
    Dept. of Civil & Environ. Engg.
    Daejeon 305-701, Korea

    Prof. Dennis Lam (European Ed.)
    School of Eng. Design & Tech.
    Univ. of Bradford
    Bradford BD7 1DP, United Kingdom

    Prof. Brian Uy (Asia-Pacific Ed.)
    School of Eng.
    The Univ. of New South Wales
    Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia

 Impact factor : 1.796(2015)
 5-Year Impact factor : 1.549
ISSN: 1229-9367(Print), ISSN: 1598-6233(Online)
Vol 20/21 (12 issues) for 2016, Monthly
Aims and Scope

Steel & Composite Structures, An International Journal, provides and excellent publication channel which reports the up-to-date research developments in the steel structures and steel-concrete composite structures, and FRP plated structures from the international steel community. The research results reported in this journal address all the aspects of theoretical and experimental research, including
Fire Performance
Composite Structural Components
Hybrid Structures
Design Codes
Nonferrous Metal Structures
Non-metalic plates
Analytical Methods
The Journal specially wishes to bridge the gap betwwn the theoretical developments and practical applications for the benefits of both academic researchers and practicing engineers. In this light, contributions from the practicing engineers are especially welcome.
Editorial Board
Prof. J.M. Aribert
INSA Rennes
35043 Rennes Cedex, France

Prof. C.C. Baniotopoulos
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT, Birmingham, UK

Prof. Alemdar Bayraktar
Karadeniz Technical University
61080 Trabzon, Turkey

Prof. Mark A. Bradford
The University of New South Wales
NSW 2052, Australia

Prof. Luis Calado
Instituto Superior Tecnico
1096 Lisboa Codex, Portugal

Prof. Dinar Camotim
Instituto Superior Tecnico
1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal

Dr. Tak Ming Chan
HK Polytechnic Univ
Hong Kong

Prof. W.F. Chen
University of Hawaii
Honolulu, HI 96822, USA

Prof. Sing Ping Chiew
Singapore Institute of Technology
138683, Singapore

Prof. D. Dubina
Polyt Univ of Timisoara
Timisoara, Romania

Prof. W. Samuel Easterling
VPI & State Univ
Blacksburg, VA 24060, USA

Prof. Carlos Alberto Graciano
Nat U of Colombia
Bogotá, Colombia

Prof. Lin-Hai Han
Tsinghua University
Beijing 100084, P.R. China

Dr. Stephen Hicks
Heavy Eng Research Assoc
Auckland 2104, New Zealand

Prof. Mohammed Hjiaj
Nat Inst of Appl Sci in Rennes (INSA)
35708 Rennes, France

Prof. T.L. Karavasilis
Univ of Warwick
Coventry CV4 7AL, UK

Prof. Dunai László
Budapest U Tech & Economics
1111 Budapest, Hungary

Prof. G.Q. Li
Tongji University
Shanghai 200092, P.R. China

Prof. Qing Quan Liang
Victoria University
Melbourne VIC 8001, Australia

Prof. J.R. Liew
Nat'l Univ of Singapore
Singapore 0511, Singapore

Prof. Mahen Mahendran
Queensland Univ of Technol
QLD 4000, Australia

Prof. Manuel L. Romero
Universitat Politècnica de Valéncia
46022 Valencia, Spain

Prof. E.J. Sapountzakis
Nat Technical Univ of Athens
GR-15780, Athens, Greece

Prof. Luis Simoes da Silva
University of Coimbra
3030-788 Coimbra, Portugal

Prof. Ken Siva Sivakumaran
McMaster University
Ontario L8S 4L7, Canada

Prof. J.G. Teng
Hong Kong Polyt Univ
Kowloon, Hong Kong

Prof. Keh-Chyuan Tsai
Nat'l Taiwan Univ
Taipei, 10617 Taiwan

Prof. Chia-Ming Uang
University of California
San Diego, CA 92093, USA

Dr. Yong Wang
The University of Manchester
Manchester, M60 1QD, UK

Prof. Ben Young
University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong

Prof. Riccardo Zandonini
University of Trento
38050 Trento, Italy

Guide to Authors

1. Submission of the paper
Authors are asked to submit manuscripts in PDF (or Latex) format electronically through the Techno-Press Manuscript Upload System (TeMUS) ( Exceptionally, the special issue papers may be directly submitted to the Guest Editor. If you have difficulties in using TeMUS, please contact us at[]. On receiving submitted papers, the system will issue the paper ID and Password to the corresponding author which may be conveniently used to check the status of submitted papers.

2. Preparation of the manuscript
General : The manuscripts should be in English and typed with single column and single line spacing on single side of A4 paper. Submitted papers will be published in regular technical paper only. The first page of an article should contain; (1) a title of paper which well reflects the contents of the paper (Arial, 16pt), (2) all the name(s) and affiliations(s) of authors(s) (Arial, 12pt), (3) an abstract of 100~250 words (Times New Roman, 11pt), (4) 5-10 keywords following the abstract, and (5) footnote (personal title and email address of the corresponding author (required) and other authors' (not mandatory)). The paper should be concluded by proper conclusions which reflect the findings in the paper. The normal length of the technical paper should be about 14-20 journal pages. There will be no page charges and no other fees unless the author wishes arrangements to provide an open access to his article. Authors are advised to read the details in the Authors' Guide for guide and Tamplate.
Tables and figures : Tables and figures should be consecutively numbered and have short titles. They should be referred to in the text as following examples (e.g., Fig. 1(a), Figs. 1 and 2, Figs. 1(a)-(d) / Table 1, Tables 1-2), etc. Tables should have borders (1/2pt plane line) with the captions right before the table. Figures should be properly located in the text as an editable image file (.jpg) with captions on the lower cell. All of the original figures are required at the end of the manuscript for reference in editing.
Units and mathematical expressions : It is desirable that units of measurements and abbreviations should follow the System Internationale (SI) except where the other unit system is more suitable. The numbers identifying the displayed mathematical expression should be placed in the parentheses and referred to in the text as following examples (e.g., Eq. (1), Eqs. (1)-(2)). Mathematical expressions must be inserted as an object (set as Microsoft Equations 3.0) for Microsoft Word 2007 and after versions. Image-copied text or equations are not acceptable unless they are editable. The raised and lowered fonts cannot be used for superscription and subscription.
References : A list of references which reflect the current state of technology in the field locates after conclusions of the paper. For details to prepare the list of references and cite them in the text, authors are advised to follow the introduction and the sample list in the Authors' Guide of the instruction.

3. Review
All the submitted papers that have passed the preliminary check by the editors will undergo a rigorous peer-review process to judge their significance and originality. Those papers positively recommended by at least two expert reviewers will be finally accepted for publication in the Techno-Press Journals or after any required modifications are made.

4. Proofs
Proofs will be sent to the corresponding author to correct any typesetting errors. Alterations to the original manuscript will not be accepted at this stage. Proofs should be returned within 48 hours of receipt.

5. Copyright
Submission of an article to a Techno-Press Journal implies that it presents the original and unpublished work, and not under consideration for publication elsewhere. On acceptance of the submitted manuscript, it is implied that the copyright thereof is transferred to the Techno-Press. The Agreement of Authorship, Originality, and Copyright Transfer must be signed and submitted.

6. Ethics
Techno-Press applies research and publication ethics standards based on COPE's International Standards for Editors and Authors ( Violation of publication ethics will result in the activation of COPE flow chart. (

7. Publication Fee
Except for open access articles, there is no page charge or article processing fee for submission and publication in this journal.

Abstracted/indexed in

Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch)
ISI Alerting Services
Current Contents/Engineering, Computing & Technology
Applied Mechanics Reviews
Metals Abstracts/META DEX
Engineering Materials Abstracts
Materials Business File-Steel Alerts.
Sample Issue
Volume 12, Number 1, January 2012
  • Static analysis of FGM cylinders by a mesh-free method
    M. Foroutan, R. Moradi-Dastjerdi,and R. Sotoodeh-Bahreini
    Abstract; Full Text (1676K)

In this paper static analysis of FGM cylinders subjected to internal and external pressure was carried out by a mesh-free method. In this analysis MLS shape functions are used for approximation of displacement field in the weak form of equilibrium equation and essential boundary conditions are imposed by transformation method. Mechanical properties of cylinders were assumed to be variable in the radial direction. Two types of cylinders were analyzed in this work. At first cylinders with infinite length were considered and results obtained for these cylinders were compared with analytical solutions and a very good agreement was seen between them. Then the proposed mesh-free method was used for analysis of cylinders with finite length and two different types of boundary conditions. Results obtained from these analyses were compared with results of finite element analyses and a very good agreement was seen between them.

Key Words
FGM; cylinder; stress; mesh-free; MLS shape function; FEM.

M. Foroutan,and R. Sotoodeh-Bahreini : Mechanical Engineering Department, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran R. Moradi-Dastjerdi : Islamic Azad University

  • Experimental study of cyclic behavior of composite vertical shear link in eccentrically braced frames
    M.A. Shayanfar, M.A. Barkhordari, and A.R. Rezaeian
    Abstract; Full Text (8789K)

This paper is an experimental study on the behavior of vertical shear link in normal (steel section with and without stiffener) and composite (steel section with concrete located at the area limited to web and flanges of the section) configurations. This study is mainly aimed to perceive failure mechanism, collect laboratory data, and consider the effect of number of transverse reinforcements on strength and ductility of composite vertical links. There have been four specimens selected for examining the effects of different details .The first specimen was an I section with no stiffener, the second composed of I section with stiffeners provided according to AISC 2005. The third and fourth specimens were composed of I sections with reinforced concrete located at the area between its flanges and web. The tests carried out were of quasi-static type and conducted on full scale specimens. Experimental findings show remarkable increase in shear capacity and ductility of the composite links as compared to the normal specimens.

Key Words
eccentrically braced frame, vertical link, composite link, stiffener, transverse reinforcement,confinement

M.A. Shayanfar and M.A. Barkhordari : Center of Excellence for Fundamental Studies in Structural Engineering, Civil Engineering Department, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran A.R. Rezaeian : Department of Civil Engineering, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran

  • Tests and finite element analysis on the local buckling of 420 MPa steel equal angle columns under axial compression
    G. Shi, Z. Liu, H.Y. Ban, Y. Zhang, Y.J. Shi, and Y.Q. Wang
    Abstract; Full Text (4266K)

Local buckling can be ignored for hot-rolled ordinary strength steel equal angle compression members, because the width-to-thickness ratios of the leg don\'t exceed the limit value. With the development of steel structures, Q420 high strength steel angles with the nominal yield strength of 420 MPa have begun to be widely used in China. Because of the high strength, the limit value of the width-to-thickness ratio becomes smaller than that of ordinary steel strength, which causes that the width-to-thickness ratios of some hot-rolled steel angle sections exceed the limit value. Consequently, local buckling must be considered for 420 MPa steel equal angles under axial compression. The existing research on the local buckling of high strength steel members under axial compression is briefly summarized, and it shows that there is lack of study on the local buckling of high strength steel equal angles under axial compression. Aiming at the local buckling of high strength steel angles, this paper conducts an axial compression experiment of 420MPa high strength steel equal angles, including 15 stub columns. The test results are compared with the corresponding design methods in ANSI/AISC 360-05 and Eurocode 3. Then a finite element model is developed to analyze the local buckling behavior of high strength steel equal angles under axial compression, and validated by the test results. Followingthe validation, a finite element parametric study is conducted to study the influences of a range of parameters, and the analysis results are compared with the design strengths by ANSI/AISC 360-05 and Eurocode 3.

Key Words
local buckling; high strength; steel equal angle; axial compression; Q420; finite element analysis.

G. Shi, H.Y. Ban, Y.J. Shi, and Y.Q. Wang : 1Key Laboratory of Civil Engineering Safety and Durability of China Education Ministry, Department of Civil Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, P.R. China Z. Liu and Y. Zhang : School of Civil Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, P.R. China

  • Compression failure and fiber-kinking modelingof laminated composites
    A. Kabiri Ataabadi, S. Ziaei-Rad, and H. Hosseini-Toudeshky
    Abstract; Full Text (4812K)

In this study, the physically-based failure models for matrix and fibers in compression and tension loading are introduced. For the 3D stress based fiber kinking model a modification is proposed for calculation of the fiber misalignment angle. All of these models are implemented into the finite element code by using the advantage of damage variable and the numerical results are discussed. To investigate the matrix failure model, purely in-plane transverse compression experiments are carried out on the specimens made by Glass/Epoxy to obtain the fracture surface angle and then a comparison is made with the calculated numerical results. Furthermore, shear failure of (

Key Words
laminated composite; compression; fiber-kinking; matrix failure.

A. Kabiri Ataabadi and S. Ziaei-Rad : Department of Mechanical Eng., Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111, Iran H. Hosseini-Toudeshky : Department of Aeronatical Eng., Amirkabir University of Technology, Hafez Ave., Tehran, Iran

  • Effect of element interaction and material nonlinearity on the ultimate capacity of stainless steel cross-sections
    M. Theofanous and L. Gardner
    Abstract; Full Text (3081K)

The effect of element interaction and material nonlinearity on the ultimate capacity of stainless steel plated cross-sections is investigated in this paper. The focus of the research lies in cross-sections failing by local buckling; member instabilities, distortional buckling and interactions thereof with local buckling are not considered. The cross-sections investigated include rectangular hollow sections (RHS), I sections and parallel flange channels (PFC). Based on previous finite element investigations of structural stainless steel stub columns, parametric studies were conducted and the ultimate capacity of the aforementioned cross-sections with a range of element slendernesses and aspect ratios has been obtained. Various design methods, including the effective width approach, the direct strength method (DSM), the continuous strength method (CSM) and a design method based on regression analysis, which accounts for element interaction, were assessed on the basis of the numerical results, and the relative merits and weaknesses of each design approach have been highlighted. Element interaction has been shown to be significant for slender cross-sections, whilst the behaviour of stocky cross-sections is more strongly influenced by the material strain-hardening characteristics. A modification to the continuous strength method has been proposed to allow for the effect of element interaction, which leads to more reliable ultimate capacity predictions. Comparisons with available test data have also been made to demonstrate the enhanced accuracy of the proposed method and its suitability for the treatment of local buckling in stainless steel cross-sections.

Key Words
classification, cross-section, element interaction, local buckling, numerical modelling, slenderness, stainless steel, stub column

M. Theofanous : Department of Civil Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki GR-541 24, Greece L. Gardner : Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK

Table of Contents
  • 2016  Volume 22      No. 1  
  • 2016  Volume 21      No. 1      No.2    No.3    No.4    No.5    No.6
  • 2016  Volume 20      No. 1      No.2    No.3    No.4    No.5    No.6
  • 2015  Volume 19      No. 1      No.2    No.3    No.4    No.5    No.6
  • 2015  Volume 18      No. 1      No.2    No.3    No.4    No.5    No.6
  • 2014  Volume 17      No. 1      No.2    No.3    No.4    No.5    No.6
  • 2014  Volume 16      No. 1      No.2    No.3    No.4    No.5    No.6
  • 2013  Volume 15      No. 1      No.2    No.3    No.4    No.5    No.6
  • 2013  Volume 14      No. 1      No.2    No.3    No.4    No.5    No.6
  • 2012  Volume 13      No. 1      No.2    No.3    No.4    No.5    No.6
  • 2012  Volume 12      No. 1      No.2    No.3    No.4    No.5    No.6
  • 2011  Volume 11      No. 1      No.2    No.3    No.4    No.5    No.6
  • 2010  Volume 10      No. 1      No.2    No.3    No.4    No.5    No.6
  • 2009  Volume 9      No. 1      No.2    No.3    No.4    No.5    No.6
  • 2008  Volume 8      No. 1      No.2    No.3    No.4    No.5    No.6
  • 2007  Volume 7      No. 1      No.2    No.3    No.4    No.5    No.6
  • 2006  Volume 6      No. 1      No.2    No.3    No.4    No.5    No.6
  • 2005  Volume 5      No. 1      No.2    No.4    No.5    No.6
  • 2004  Volume 4      No. 1      No.2    No.3    No.4    No.5    No.6
  • 2003  Volume 3      No. 1      No.2    No.3    No.4    No.5    No.6
  • 2002  Volume 2      No. 1      No.2    No.3    No.4    No.5    No.6
  • 2001  Volume 1      No. 1      No.2    No.3    No.4

    2017 Subscription Rates in US$ :

    Steel and Composite Structures Volume 23/24/25 (18 issues)

    Print +e

    Online +c

    Print & Online

















    C: Complimentary access N: Not available (N/A)
    Orders are accepted by calendar year only.

    1. PRINT+e: Print plus Free Access to the current online articles for the length of subscription until the subscription ends.
    2. ONLINE+c: Access to the current online articles plus Complimentary Access to the articles since the start of journal or as specified otherwise. The access to the articles of paid subscription period will be guaranteed after termination of subscription.
    3. PRINT & ONLINE: Subscribers have benefits of both subscription categories.

    *: The surface delivery is possible only to the countries listed

    Techno-Press: Publishers of international journals and conference proceedings.       Copyright © 2016 Techno-Press
    P.O. Box 33, Yuseong, Daejeon 34186 Korea, Tel: +82-42-828-7996, Fax : +82-42-828-7997, Email: