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CONTENTS
Volume 11, Number 3, June 2011
 

Abstract
This paper presents the results of an investigation into the post-buckling behaviour and ultimate strength of imperfect corroded steel plates used in ship and other marine-related structures. A series of elastic-plastic large deflection finite element analyses is performed on randomly corroded steel plates. The effects of general corrosion on both sides of the plates are introduced into the finite element models using a random thickness surface model. The effects on plate compressive strength as a result of parametric variation of the corroded surface geometry are evaluated. A proposal on the effective thickness is concluded in order to estimate the ultimate strength and explore the post-buckling behaviour of randomly corroded steel plates under uniaxial compression.

Key Words
steel plate; randomly distributed general corrosion; uniaxial compression; effective thickness

Address
Faculty of Marine Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran 15914, Iran

Abstract
The results of an experimental investigation are presented in this paper for retrofitting of shear damaged reinforced concrete beams by using U shaped CFRP strips. The experimental program is consisted of seven shear deficient T cross sectioned 1/2 scale simply supported beam specimens. One beam was used as reference specimen, and the remaining six specimens were tested in two stages. At the first stage, specimens were shear damaged severely, and then were retrofitted by using CFRP strips with or without fan type anchorages. Finally, retrofitted beams were tested up to failure. Three different CFRP strip spacing were used such as 125 mm, 150 mm, and 200 mm. The effect of anchorages on shear strength and behavior of the retrofitted specimens is investigated. CFRP strips without anchorages improved the shear strength, but no flexural failure mode was observed. Specimens showed brittle shear failure due to peeling of CFRP strip from RC beam surface. Shear damaged specimens retrofitted with anchoraged CFRP strips showed improved shear strength and ductile flexural failure. Maximum strains at anchoraged strips were approximately 68% larger than that of strips without anchorages.

Key Words
RC beam, shear retrofitting, CFRP strips, anchorages

Address
Civil Eng. Dept., Gazi University, Maltepe, Ankara, Turkiye 06570, Turkey

Abstract
In this study, the deflection and deformation behaviours of IPN80 steel beam and column were investigated under the different industrial loads. Single-sided welds were applied to IPN80 steel beams using shielded metal arc (SMAW) and metal inert gas welding (MIG) method in the form of T-type. After that, the performance of SMAW and MIG welded joints were identified using beam bending test under 500 and 3000 N loads. SMAW and MIG methods were compared with each other to understand the deflection and deformation behaviours of the welded steel structures. Lower deformation and deflection were obtained in MIG welded steel beams. The results show that, steel beams welded MIG method has higher load capacity than SMAW welded ones. MIG welding method is more reliable than the SMAW method for the combining performance and load capacity.

Key Words
metal inert gas welding, shielded metal arc welding, steel beam and column, bending test, deflection.

Address
Department of Metallurgical & Materials Science Engineering, Faculty of Technology, Sakarya University, Esentepe Campus, 54187, Sakarya, Turkey

Abstract
An experimental study has been carried out to reveal the shear-bond failure mechanism of composite deck slabs. Thirteen full scale simply supported composite slabs are studied experimentally, with the influence parameters like span length, slab depth, shear span length and end anchorage provided by steel headed studs. A dozen of strain gauges and LVDTs are monitored to capture the strain distribution and variation of the composite slabs. Before the onset of shear-bond slip, the longitudinal shear forces along the span are deduced and found to be proportional to the vertical shear force in terms of the shear-bond strength in the m-k method. The test results are appraised using the current design procedures. Based on the partial shear-bond connection at the ultimate state, an improved method is proposed by introducing two reduction factors to assess the moment resistance of a composite deck slab. The new method has been validated and the results predicted by the revised method agree well with the test results.

Key Words
composite slabs, shear bond failure, load carrying capacity, design method

Address
School of Civil Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, People

Abstract
To make direct comparisons regarding the cyclic behavior of thin steel plate shear walls (TSPSWs) with different infill-to-boundary frame connections, two TSPSWs were tested under quasi-static conditions, one having the infill plate attached to the boundary frame members on all edges and the other having the infill plate connected only to the beams. Also, the bare frame that was used in the TSPSW specimens was tested to provide data for the calibration of numerical models. The connection of infill plates to surrounding frames was achieved through the use of self-drilling screws to fish plates that were welded to the frame members. The behavior of TSPSW specimens are compared and discussed with emphasis on the characteristics important in seismic response, including the initial stiffness, ultimate strength and deformation modes observed during the tests. It is shown that TSPSW specimens achieve significant ductility and energy dissipation while the ultimate failure mode resulted from infill plate fracture at the net section of the infill plate-to-boundary frame connection after substantial infill plate yielding. Experimental results are compared to monotonic pushover predictions from computer analysis using strip models and the models are found to be capable of approximating the monotonic behavior of the TSPSW specimens.

Key Words
steel plate shear wall, semi-rigid connection, self-drilling screw, cyclic loading, initial stiffness, ultimate strength, energy dissipation.

Address
Cuneyt vatansever: Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey
Nesrin yardimci: Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Yeditepe University, Istanbul, Turkey


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