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CONTENTS
Volume 11, Number 5, October 2011
 

Abstract
In this paper, the influence of fibre orientation and aspect ratio on stability analysis of simply supported skew plates subjected to in plane loading is studied by using a four noded hybrid plate finite element. The formulation of the element is based on Hellinger-Reissner variational principle. The element is developed by combining a hybrid plane stress element and a hybrid plate element. Some numerical problems are solved and the effects of skew angle, aspect ratio, fibre orientation and loading type on the critical buckling loads are highlighted.

Key Words
stability; buckling; orthotropic plate; fibre orientation; boundary condition; hybrid finite element

Address
Department of Civil Engineering, Istanbul Technical University 34469, Maslak, Istanbul, Turkey

Abstract
Composite beam, which combined the material characteristic of the steel and concrete, has been widely used in the construction of various building and bridge system. For the effective application of the composite beam, the composite action on the composite interface between the concrete element and the steel element should be achieved by shear connectors. The behavioral characteristics of composite beam are related with the degree of interaction and the degree of shear connection according to the shear strength and shear stiffness of the stud shear connectors. These two concepts are also affected by the number of installed shear connector and the strength of composite materials. In this study, experimental and analytical evaluations of the degree of shear connection affected by stud diameter were conducted, and the relationship between structural behavior and the degree of shear connection was verified. The very small difference among the ultimate loads of the specimens depending on the change of the degree of connection was possibly because of the dependence of the ultimate load on the characteristic of plastic moment of the composite beam.

Key Words
degree of shear connection, composite beam, ultimate strength, head stud

Address
School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749, Korea

Abstract
It is clear from the former researches on reinforced concrete filled steel tubular (RCFT) structuresthat RCFT structures have higher strength and deformation capacity than concrete filled steel tubular (CFT) structures. However, in the case of actual applications to large-scaled structures, the thin-walled steel tube must be used from the view point of economic condition. Therefore, in this study, compression tests of RCFT columns which were made by thin-walled steel tube or small load-sharing ratio in cooperation with high strength concrete were carried out, meanwhile corresponding tests of CFT, reinforced concrete (RC), pure concrete and steel tube columns were done to compare with RCFT. By the a series of comparison and analysis, characteristics of RCFT columns were clarified, and following conclusions were drawn: RCFT structures can effectively avoided from brittle failure by the using of reinforcement while CFT structures are damaged due to the brittle failure; with RCFT structures, excellent bearing capacity can be achieved in plastic zone by combining the thin-walled steel tube with high strength concrete and reinforcement. The smaller load-sharing ratio can made the reinforcement play full role; Combination of thin-walled steel tube with high strength concrete and reinforcement is effective way to construct large-scaled structures.

Key Words
RCFT structures; CFT structures; large-scaled structures; compression test; thin-walled steel tube; load-sharing ratio; high strength concrete; brittle failure; bearing capacity.

Address
Department of Environmental and Civil Engineering, Hachinohe Institute of Technology,88-1 Ohbiraki, Hachinohe 031-8501, Japan

Abstract
In the present manuscript, geometrically nonlinear free vibration analysis of thin laminated plates resting on non-linear elastic foundations is investigated. Winkler-Pasternak type foundation model is used. Governing equations of motions are obtained using the von Karman type nonlinear theory. The method of discrete singular convolution is used to obtain the discretised equations of motion of plates. The effects of plate geometry, boundary conditions, material properties and foundation parameters on nonlinear vibration behavior of plates are presented.

Key Words
Nonlinear dynamics; free vibration; discrete singular convolution; laminated plates; nonlinear foundation.

Address
Akdeniz University, Faculty of Engineering, Civil Engineering Department, Division of Mechanics, Turkiye

Abstract
Tongwamen Bridge is a critical link between Dongmen Island and the land in Shipu town, Zhejiang province, China. It is a 238 m span, half-through, concrete-filled steel tubular (CFST) X-type arch bridge. The width of the deck is only 10 m, yielding a width-to-span ratio of 1/23.8. The plane truss type section rib was adopted, which made of two CFST chords and web member system. The lateral stability is the key issue to this bridge. However, the existing researches on Tongwamen Bridge\'s lateral stability are all the deterministic structural analysis. In this paper, a new strategy for positioning sampling points of the response surface method (RSM), based on the composite method combining RSM with geometric method for structural reliability analysis, is employed to obtain the reliability index of lateral stability. In addition the correlated parameters were discussed in detail to find the major factors. According to the analysis results, increasing the stiff of lateral braces between the arch ribs and setting the proper inward-incline degree of the arch rib can enhance obviously the reliability of lateral stability. Moreover, the deck action of non-orienting force is less than the two factors above. The calculated results indicate that the arch ribs are safe enough to keep excellent stability, and it provides the foundation that the plane truss rib would be a competitive solution for a long-span, narrow, CFST arch bridge.

Key Words
CFST bridge; stability; reliability ; response surface method (RSM), analysis

Address
Institute of Bridge Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, Liaoning 116023, China


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