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CONTENTS
Volume 12, Number 6, May 2012
 

Abstract
Residual stresses play important role for design of steel structural members. Cold formed sections usually have residual stresses caused by roll forming. When compared to stresses caused by the working load, especially for compressed members, the effects of residual stresses can be favorable or unfavorable depending on magnitude, orientation and distribution of these stresses. The research presented in this paper includes experimental investigations of residual stresses, initial imperfections and material properties on cold formed carbon steel open cross sections. Experimental results have been compared to results obtained in similar tests with stainless and high strength steel cross sections. Theoretical and experimental research, conducted for cold formed open cross sections, are important for design of axially compressed members. This paper presents two methods of residual stresses investigation: magnetic method and method of pre-drilled holes and obtained results have been compared with results of residual stresses from other authors.

Key Words
cold formed; residual stresses; magnetic method; pre-drilled hole method; stainless steel; high strength steel.

Address
Faculty of Civil Engineering Subotica

Abstract
In this paper, the nonlinear cylindrical bending of simply supported, functionally graded nanocomposite plates reinforced by single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), is studied. The plates are subjected to uniform pressure loading in thermal environments and their geometric nonlinearity is introduced in the strain–displacement equations based on Von-Karman assumptions. The material properties of SWCNTs are assumed to be temperature-dependent and are obtained from molecular dynamics simulations. The material properties of functionally graded carbon nanotube-reinforced composites (FG-CNTCRs) are assumed to be graded in the thickness direction, and are estimated through a micromechanical model. The governing equations are reduced to linear differential equation with nonlinear boundary conditions yielding a simple solution procedure. Numerical results are presented to show the effect of the material distribution on the deflections and stresses.

Key Words
plate; nano-composites; analytical modeling; functionally graded materials

Address
Laboratoire des Materiaux et Hydrologie, Universite de Sidi Bel Abbes, Algerie

Abstract
An artificial bee colony (ABC) algorithm is developed for the optimum design of geometrically non-linear steel frames. The ABC is a new swarm intelligence method which simulates the intelligent foraging behaviour of honeybee swarm for solving the optimization problems. Minimum weight design of steel frames is aimed under the strength, displacement and size constraints. The geometric non-linearity of the frame members is taken into account in the optimum design algorithm. The performance of the ABC algorithm is tested on three steel frames taken from literature. The results obtained from the design examples demonstrate that the ABC algorithm could find better designs than other meta-heuristic optimization algorithms in shorter time.

Key Words
artificial bee colony algorithm; geometrically non-linear steel frames; optimum design; load and resistance factor design

Address
Department of Civil Engineering, Dicle University, 21280, Diyarbakir, Turkey

Abstract
It was clear from the former researches on reinforced concrete filled tubular steel (RCFT) structures that RCFT structures have different performance than concrete filled steel tubular (CFT) structures. However, despite of that, load-sharing ratio of RCFT is evaluating by the formula and range of CFT given by JSCE. Therefore, the aim of this investigation is to study the load-sharing ratio of RCFT columns subjected to axial compressive load by performing numerical simulations of RCFT columns with the nonlinear finite element analysis (FEA) program - ADINA. To achieve this goal, firstly proper material constitutive models for concrete, steel tube and reinforcement are proposed. Then axial compression tests of concrete, RC, CFT, and RCFT columns are carried out to verify proposed material constitutive models. Finally, by the plenty of numerical analysis with small-sized and big-sized columns, load-sharing ratio of RCFT columns was studied, the evaluation formulas and range were proposed, application of the formula was demonstrated, and following conclusions were drawn: The FEA model introduced in this paper can be applied to nonlinear analysis of RCFT columns with reliable results; the load-sharing ratio evaluation formula and range of CFT should not be applied to RCFT; The lower limit for the range of load-sharing ratio of RCFT can be smaller than that of CFT; the proposed formulas for load-sharing ratio of RCFT have practical mean in design of RCFT columns.

Key Words
RCFT structures; CFT structures; load-sharing ratio; numerical simulation; constitutive model; evaluation formula.

Address
Department of Environmental and Civil Engineering, Hachinohe Institute of Technology, Hachinohe, Japan

Abstract
This paper deals with the applicability of extended layerwise optimization method (ELOM) for frequency optimization of laminated composite plates. The design objective is the maximization of the fundamental frequency of the laminated plates. The fibre orientations in the layers are considered as design variables. The first order shear deformation theory (FSDT) is used for the finite element solution of the laminates. Finally, the numerical analysis is carried out to show the applicability of extended layerwise optimization algorithm of laminated plates for different parameters such as plate aspect ratios and boundary conditions.

Key Words
laminated plates; fundamental frequency; finite element solution; extended layerwise optimization method; optimization

Address
Karadeniz Technical University, Of Faculty of Technology, Department of Civil Engineering, Trabzon, Turkey


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