Techno Press
Tp_Editing System.E (TES.E)
Login Search


sem
 
CONTENTS
Volume 30, Number 4, November10 2008
 

Abstract
The Integrated Force Method (IFM) has been developed in recent years for the analysis of civil, mechanical and aerospace engineering structures. In this method all independent or internal forces are treated as unknown variables which are calculated by simultaneously imposing equations of equilibrium and compatibility conditions. The solution by IFM needs the computation of element equilibrium and flexibility matrices from the assumed displacement, stress-resultant fields and material properties. This paper presents a general purpose code for the automatic generation of element equilibrium
and flexibility matrices for plate bending elements using the Integrated Force Method. Kirchhoff and the Mindlin-Reissner plate theories have been employed in the code. Paper illustrates development of element
equilibrium and flexibility matrices for the Mindlin-Reissner theory based four node quadrilateral plate bending element using the Integrated Force Method.

Key Words
displacement fields; stress-resultant fields; equilibrium matrix; flexibility matrix; Integrated Force Method

Address
H.R. Dhananjaya: Dept. of Civil Engineering, Manipal Institute Technology, Manipal . 576 104, India
J. Nagabhushanam: Dept. of Aerospace Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore . 560012, India
P.C. Pandey: Dept. of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore . 560012, India

Abstract
Externally bonding fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) sheets with an epoxy resin is an effective technique for strengthening and repairing reinforced concrete (RC) beams under flexural loads. Their resistance to electro-chemical corrosion, high strength-to-weight ratio, larger creep strain, fatigue resistance, and nonmagnetic and nonmetallic properties make carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites a viable alternative to bonding of steel plates in repair and rehabilitation of RC structures. The objective of this investigation is to study the effectiveness of CFRP sheets on ductility and flexural strength of reinforced high strength concrete (HSC) beams. This objective is achieved by conducting the following tasks: (1) flexural four-point testing of reinforced HSC beams strengthened with different amounts of cross-ply of CFRP sheets with different amount of tensile reinforcement up to failure; (2) calculating the effect of different layouts of CFRP sheets on the flexural strength; (3) Evaluating the failure modes; (4) developing an analytical procedure based on compatibility of deformations and equilibrium of forces to calculate the flexural strength of reinforced HSC beams strengthened with CFRP composites; and (5) comparing the analytical calculations with experimental results.

Key Words
CFRP; beams; high strength concrete; ductility; tensile bars.

Address
Seyed Hamid Hashemi: Faculty of Engineering, Arak University, Shariati St., Farmandari Sq., Arak, P. O. Box 38139, Iran
Ali Akbar Maghsoudi and Reza Rahgozar:
Civil Engineering Department, Kerman University, Kerman, Iran

Abstract
A mathematical model for the nonlinear dynamics of a rotating beam with flexible root attached to a rotating hub with elastic foundation is developed. The model is developed based on the large planar and
flexural deformation theory and the potential energy method to account for axial shortening due to bending deformation. In addition the exact nonlinear curvature is used in the system potential energy. The Lagrangian dynamics and the assumed mode method is used to derive the nonlinear coupled equations of motion hub rotation, beam tip deflection and hub horizontal and vertical displacements. The derived nonlinear model is simulated numerically and the results are presented and discussed for the effect of root flexibility, hub stiffness, torque type, torque period and excitation frequency and amplitude on the dynamic behavior of the rotating beam-hub and on its stability.

Key Words
rotating beam; flexible hub; flexible beam-root; non-linear dynamics; mathematical modelling.

Address
A. A. Al-Qaisia: Mechanical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, University of Jordan, Amman 11942, JORDAN

Abstract
This paper presents a novel structural damage detection method with a new damage index based on the statistical moments of dynamic responses of a structure under a random excitation. After a
brief introduction to statistical moment theory, the principle of the new method is put forward in terms of a single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) system. The sensitivity of statistical moment to structural damage is discussed for various types of structural responses and different orders of statistical moment. The formulae for statistical moment-based damage detection are derived. The effect of measurement noise on damage detection is ascertained. The new damage index and the proposed statistical moment-based damage detection method are then extended to multi-degree-of-freedom (MDOF) systems with resort to the leastsquares method. As numerical studies, the proposed method is applied to both single and multi-story shear buildings. Numerical results show that the fourth-order statistical moment of story drifts is a more sensitive indicator to structural stiffness reduction than the natural frequencies, the second order moment of story drift, and the fourth-order moments of velocity and acceleration responses of the shear building. The fourth-order statistical moment of story drifts can be used to accurately identify both location and severity of structural stiffness reduction of the shear building. Furthermore, a significant advantage of the proposed damage detection method lies in that it is insensitive to measurement noise.

Key Words
damage detection; statistical moment; sensitivity; measurement noise.

Address
J. Zhang, Y. L. Xu and Y. Xia: Dept. of Civil and Structural Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China
J. Li: Dept. of Building Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China

Abstract
An aggregation multigrid method (AMM) is a leading iterative solver in solid mechanics. Recently, AMM is applied for solving Schur Complement system in the FE analysis of shell structures. In this work, an extended application of AMM for solving Schur Complement system in the FE analysis of continuum elements is presented. Further, the performance of the proposed AMM in multiple load cases,
which is a challenging problem for an iterative solver, is studied. The proposed method is developed by combining the substructuring and the multigrid methods. The substructuring method avoids factorizing the full-size matrix of an original system and the multigrid method gives near-optimal convergence. This method is demonstrated for the FE analysis of several elastostatic problems. The numerical results show
better performance by the proposed method as compared to the preconditioned conjugate gradient method. The smaller computational cost for the iterative procedure of the proposed method gives a good
alternative to a direct solver in large systems with multiple load cases.

Key Words
Schur complement system; aggregation multigrid method; FE analysis; continuum elements; multiple load cases.

Address
Jin Hwan Ko: Dept. of Aerospace information Engineering, Konkuk University, Seoul, 143-701, Korea
Byung Chai Lee: Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Taejeon, 373-1, Korea

Abstract
In this paper, a model updating technique in dynamics is used to identify elastic properties for pultruded GFRP-Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastic framed structural systems used in civil construction. Traditional identification techniques for composite materials may be expensive, while this alternative approach allows to identify several properties simultaneously, with very good precision. Furthermore, the procedure of a non-destructive type has a relatively simple implementation. Properties describing the mechanical behavior for beam and shell finite element modeling are identified. The used formulation is based on the minimization of eigensolution residuals. Important points concerning model updating procedures have been observed, such as the particular vibrational behavior of the test structure, the modeling strategies and the optimal placement of the sensors in the experimental procedure. Results obtained by experimental tests show the efficiency of the proposed procedure.

Key Words
composite materials; pultruded profiles; elastic properties; model updating; vibration.

Address
Jesiel Cunha: Federal University of Uberlandia, PO Box 593, Uberlandia, Brazil
Emmanuel Foltete and Noureddine Bouhaddi: University of Franche-Comt, Besancon, France

Abstract
The axisymmetric problem of a functionally graded annular plate is considered by extending the theory of functionally graded materials plates suggested by Mian and Spencer (1998). In particular, their expansion formula for displacements is adopted and the hypothesis that the material parameters can vary along the thickness direction in an arbitrary continuous fashion is retained. However, their analysis is extended here in two aspects. First, the material is assumed to be transversely isotropic, rather than isotropic. Second, the plate is no longer tractions-free on the top and bottom surfaces, but subject to uniform loads applied on the surfaces. The elasticity solutions are given for a uniformly loaded annular plate of functionally graded materials for a total of six different boundary conditions. Numerical results are given for a simply supported functionally graded annular plate, and good agreement with those by the classical plate theory is obtained.

Key Words
functionally graded materials; annular plates; transversely isotropic; elasticity solutions.

Address
B. Yang: Dept. of Civil Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
Dept. of Civil Engineering, Zhejiang Forestry College, Lin?an 311300, China
H.J. Ding and W.Q. Chen: Dept. of Civil Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China


Techno-Press: Publishers of international journals and conference proceedings.       Copyright © 2017 Techno-Press
P.O. Box 33, Yuseong, Daejeon 34186 Korea, Tel: +82-42-828-7996, Fax : +82-42-828-7997, Email: info@techno-press.com