Techno Press


Advances in Environmental Research   Volume 1, Number 1, March 2012, pages 57-68
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/aer.2012.1.1.057
 
Air pollution and hospital admissions for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: are their potentially sensitive groups?
Shang-Shyue Tsai, Ya-Hui Yang, Saou-Hsing Liou, Trong-Neng Wu and Chun-Yuh Yang

 
Abstract     [Full Text]
    Recent studies showed that air pollution is a risk factor for hospitalization for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, there is limited evidence to suggest which subpopulations are at higher risk from air pollution. This study was undertaken to examine the modifying effect of specific secondary diagnosis (including hypertension, diabetes, pneumonia, congestive heart failure) on the relationship between hospital admissions for COPD and ambient air pollutants concentrations. Hospital admissions for COPD and ambient air pollution data for Taipei were obtained for the period from 1999-2009. The relative risk of hospital admissions for COPD was estimated using a case-crossover approach. None of the secondary diagnosis we examined showed much evidence of effect modification.
 
Key Words
    air pollution; COPD; sensitive population; case-crossover; hospital admissions
 
Address
Shang-Shyue Tsai: Department of Healthcare Administration, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Ya-Hui Yang: Department of Occupational Safety and Hygiene, Fooyin University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Saou-Hsing Liou: Division of Environmental Health and Occupational Medicine, National Health Research Institute, Miaoli, Taiwan; Trong-Neng Wu: Graduate Institute of Public Health, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan; Trong-Neng Wu and Chun-Yuh Yang: Division of Environmental Health and Occupational Medicine, National Health Research Institute, Miaoli, Taiwan; Chun-Yuh Yang: Department of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
 

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