Techno Press
Techno Press

Earthquakes and Structures   Volume 15, Number 6, December 2018, pages 605-616
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/eas.2018.15.6.605
 
An extended cloud analysis method for seismic fragility assessment of highway bridges
Mohammad Ghalami Sfahani and Hong Guan

 
Abstract     [Full Text]
    In this paper, an extended Cloud analysis method is developed for seismic fragility assessment of existing highway bridges in the southeast Queensland region. This method extends the original Cloud analysis dataset by performing scaled Cloud analyses. The original and scaled Cloud datasets are then paired to generate seismic fragility curves. The seismic hazard in this region is critically reviewed, and the ground motion records are selected for the time-history analysis based on various record selection criteria. A parametric highway bridge model is developed in the OpenSees analysis software, and a sampling technique is employed to quantify the uncertainties of highway bridges ubiquitous in this region. Technical recommendations are also given for the seismic performance evaluation of highway bridges in such low-to-moderate seismic zones. Finally, a probabilistic fragility study is conducted by performing a total of 8000 time-history analyses and representative bridge fragility curves are generated. It is illustrated that the seismic fragility curves generated by the proposed extended Cloud analysis method are in close agreement with those which are obtained by the rigorous incremental dynamic analysis method. Also, it reveals that more than 50% of highway bridges existing in southeast Queensland will be damaged subject to a peak ground acceleration of 0.14 g.
 
Key Words
    fragility curve; highway bridge; Southeast Queensland; seismic hazard; ground motion record; bridge performance level; time-history analysis; failure probability
 
Address
Mohammad Ghalami Sfahani and Hong Guan: Griffith School of Engineering and Built Environment, Griffith University Gold Coast Campus, Queensland 4222, Australia
 

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