Techno Press


Steel and Composite Structures   Volume 12, Number 1, January 2012, pages 73-92
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/scs.2011.12.1.073
 
Effect of element interaction and material nonlinearity on the ultimate capacity of stainless steel cross-sections
M. Theofanous and L. Gardner

 
Abstract     [Full Text]
    The effect of element interaction and material nonlinearity on the ultimate capacity of stainless steel plated cross-sections is investigated in this paper. The focus of the research lies in cross-sections failing by local buckling; member instabilities, distortional buckling and interactions thereof with local buckling are not considered. The cross-sections investigated include rectangular hollow sections (RHS), I sections and parallel flange channels (PFC). Based on previous finite element investigations of structural stainless steel stub columns, parametric studies were conducted and the ultimate capacity of the aforementioned cross-sections with a range of element slendernesses and aspect ratios has been obtained. Various design methods, including the effective width approach, the direct strength method (DSM), the continuous strength method (CSM) and a design method based on regression analysis, which accounts for element interaction, were assessed on the basis of the numerical results, and the relative merits and weaknesses of each design approach have been highlighted. Element interaction has been shown to be significant for slender cross-sections, whilst the behaviour of stocky cross-sections is more strongly influenced by the material strain-hardening characteristics. A modification to the continuous strength method has been proposed to allow for the effect of element interaction, which leads to more reliable ultimate capacity predictions. Comparisons with available test data have also been made to demonstrate the enhanced accuracy of the proposed method and its suitability for the treatment of local buckling in stainless steel cross-sections.
 
Key Words
    classification, cross-section, element interaction, local buckling, numerical modelling, slenderness, stainless steel, stub column
 
Address
M. Theofanous : Department of Civil Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki GR-541 24, Greece
L. Gardner : Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK
 

Techno-Press: Publishers of international journals and conference proceedings.       Copyright © 2019 Techno Press
P.O. Box 33, Yuseong, Daejeon 305-600 Korea, Tel: +82-42-828-7996, Fax : +82-42-828-7997, Email: technop@chol.com