Techno Press


Steel and Composite Structures   Volume 13, Number 6, December 2012, pages 587-606
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/scs.2012.13.6.587
 
Uni-axial behaviour of normal-strength CFDST columns with external steel rings
C.X. Dong and J.C.M. Ho

 
Abstract     [Full Text]
    Concrete-filled-steel-tubular (CFST) columns have been well proven to improve effectively the strength, stiffness and ductility of concrete members. However, the central part of concrete in CFST columns is not fully utilised under uni-axial compression, bending and torsion. It has small contribution to both flexural and torsion strength, while it can be replaced effectively by steel with smaller area to give similar loadcarrying capacity. Also, the confining pressure in CFST columns builds up slowly because the initial elastic dilation of concrete is small before micro-crackings of concrete are developed. From these observations, it is convinced that the central concrete can be effectively replaced by another hollow steel tube with smaller area to form double-skinned concrete-filled-steel-tubular (CFDST) columns. In this study, a series of uni-axial compression tests were carried out on CFDST and CFST columns with and without external steel rings. From the test results, it was observed that on average that the stiffness and elastic strength of CFDST columns are about 25.8% and 33.4% respectively larger than CFST columns with similar equivalent area. The averaged axial load-carrying capacity of CFDST columns is 7.8% higher than CFST columns. Lastly, a theoretical model that takes into account the confining effects of steel tube and external rings for predicting the uni-axial load-carrying capacity of CFDST columns is developed.
 
Key Words
    columns; concrete-filled; double-skin; normal-strength concrete; rings.
 
Address
Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
 

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