Techno Press
Techno Press

Steel and Composite Structures   Volume 2, Number 6, December 2002, pages 475-488
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/scs.2002.2.6.475
 
Stop-hole conditions to prevent re-initiation of fatigue cracks
Ichiro Okura and Toshiyuki Ishikawa

 
Abstract     [Full Text]
    In steel bridges fatigue cracks are sometimes repaired by placing drilled holes at the crack tips. From the meaning that the drilled holes stop the propagation of cracks, they are called stop-holes. Since stop-holes are regarded as an emergency measure to delay crack propagation, usually some substantial repair follows. However, if the stress at the stop-holes is below their fatigue limit, fatigue cracks would not be expected to occur. The purpose of this study is to present the conditions under which stop-holes prevent the re-initiation of fatigue cracks. The fatigue limit of stop-holes and the equations necessary to estimate the maximum stress on the circumference of the stop-holes are provided.
 
Key Words
    fatigue; stop-hole; crack; stress concentration.
 
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