Techno Press

Steel and Composite Structures   Volume 20, Number 5, April10 2016, pages 1155-1171
Demands and distribution of hysteretic energy in moment resistant self-centering steel frames
Arturo López-Barraza, Sonia E. Ruiz, Alfredo Reyes-Salazar and Edén Bojórquez

Abstract     [Full Text]
    Post-tensioned (PT) steel moment resisting frames (MRFs) with semi-rigid connections (SRC) can be used to control the hysteretic energy demands and to reduce the maximum inter-story drift (γ). In this study the seismic behavior of steel MRFs with PT connections is estimated by incremental nonlinear dynamic analysis in terms of dissipated hysteretic energy (EH) demands. For this aim, five PT steel MRFs are subjected to 30 long duration earthquake ground motions recorded on soft soil sites. To assess the energy dissipated in the frames with PT connections, a new expression is proposed for the hysteretic behavior of semi-rigid connections validated by experimental tests. The performance was estimated not only for the global EH demands in the steel frames; but also for, the distribution and demands of hysteretic energy in beams, columns and connections considering several levels of deformation. The results show that EH varies with γ, and that most of EH is dissipated by the connections. It is observed in all the cases a log-normal distribution of EH through the building height. The largest demand of EH occurs between 0.25 and 0.5 of the height. Finally, an equation is proposed to calculate the distribution of EH in terms of the normalized height of the stories (h/H) and the inter-story drift.
Key Words
    steel frames, self-centering, semi-rigid connections, hysteretic energy, inter-story drift, time history analysis
(1) Arturo López-Barraza, Alfredo Reyes-Salazar, Edén Bojórquez:
Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa, Culiacán, Sinaloa, México;
(2) Sonia E. Ruiz:
Instituto de Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México city, México.

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