Techno Press
Techno Press

Steel and Composite Structures   Volume 22, Number 5, December10 2016, pages 1163-1192
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/scs.2016.22.5.1163
 
MINLP optimization of a composite I beam floor system
Tomaž Žula, Stojan Kravanja and Uroš Klanšek

 
Abstract     [Full Text]
    This paper presents the cost optimization of a composite I beam floor system, designed to be made from a reinforced concrete slab and steel I sections. The optimization was performed by the mixed-integer non-linear programming (MINLP) approach. For this purpose, a number of different optimization models were developed that enable different design possibilities such as welded or standard steel I sections, plastic or elastic cross-section resistances, and different positions of the neutral axes. An accurate economic objective function of the selfmanufacturing costs was developed and subjected to design, resistance and deflection (in)equality constraints. Dimensioning constraints were defined in accordance with Eurocode 4. The Modified Outer-Approximation/ Equality-Relaxation (OA/ER) algorithm was applied together with a two-phase MINLP strategy. A numerical example of the optimization of a composite I beam floor system, as presented at the end of this paper, demonstrates the applicability of the proposed approach. The optimal result includes the minimal produced costs of the structure, the optimal concrete and steel strengths, and dimensions.
 
Key Words
    composite structures; cost optimization; structural optimization; mixed-integer non-linear programming; MINLP
 
Address
University of Maribor, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Transportation Engineering and Architecture, Smetanova 17, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia.
 

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