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Steel and Composite Structures   Volume 23, Number 3, February28 2017, pages 285-302
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/scs.2017.23.3.285
 
Mitigation of seismic drift response of braced frames using short yielding-core BRBs
Muhamed Safeer Pandikkadavath and Dipti Ranjan Sahoo

 
Abstract     [Full Text]
    Buckling-restrained braced frames (BRBFs) are commonly used as the lateral force-resisting systems in building structures in the seismic regions. The nearly-symmetric hysteretic response and the delayed brace core fracture of buckling-restrained braces (BRBs) under the axial cyclic loading provide the adequate lateral force and deformation capacity to BRBFs under the earthquake excitation. However, the smaller axial stiffness of BRBs result in the undesirable higher residual drift response of BRBFs in the post-earthquake scenario. Two alternative approaches are investigated in this study to improve the elastic axial stiffness of BRBs, namely, (i) by shortening the yielding cores of BRBs; and (ii) by reducing the BRB assemblies and adding the elastic brace segments in series. In order to obtain the limiting yielding core lengths of BRBs, a modified approach based on Coffin-Manson relationship and the higher mode compression buckling criteria has been proposed in this study. Both non-linear static and dynamic analyses are carried out to analytically evaluate the seismic response of BRBFs fitted with short-core BRBs of two medium-rise building frames. Analysis results showed that the proposed brace systems are effective in reducing the inter-story and residual drift response of braced frames without any significant change in the story shear and the displacement ductility demands.
 
Key Words
    braced frames; buckling-restrained braces; displacement ductility; lateral load; low-cycle fatigue; seismic analysis; seismic design
 
Address
Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi-110016, India.
 

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