Techno Press
Techno Press

Steel and Composite Structures   Volume 24, Number 5, August10 2017, pages 561-568
Numerical investigation on the behavior of SHS steel frames strengthened using CFRP
Amir Hamzeh Keykha

Abstract     [Full Text]
    Steel frames are widely used in steel structures. Exiting steel structures may be needed to strengthen for various reasons. Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymers (CFRP) is one of the materials that are used to strengthen steel structures. Most studies on strengthening steel structures have been done on beams and steel columns. No independent study, to the researcher's knowledge, has studied the effect of CFRP strengthening on steel frames. This study explored the use of CFRP composite on retrofitting square hollow section (SHS) steel frames, using numerical investigations. Ten Finite Element (FE) models, which were strengthened with CFRP sheets, were analyzed under different coverage length, number of layers, and location of CFRP composite. One FE model without strengthening was analyzed as a control FE model to determine the increase of the ultimate load in the strengthened steel frames. ANSYS software was used to analyze the SHS steel frames. The results showed that the coverage length and the number of layers of CFRP composite have a significant effect on increasing the ultimate load of the SHS steel frames. The results also showed that the location of CFRP composite had no similar effect on increasing the ultimate load and the amount of mid span deflection of the SHS steel frames.
Key Words
    SHS steel frame; CFRP; strengthening; ultimate load; numerical method
Department of Civil Engineering, Zahedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zahedan, Iran.

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